The article titled “Identity Matters for Well-Being: The Longitudinal Associations Between Identity Processes and Well-Being in Adolescents with Different Cultural Backgrounds” explores the intricate relationship between identity formation and well-being in adolescents, emphasizing the varying cultural contexts. This longitudinal study, authored by Francesca De Lise, Koen Luyckx, and Elisabetta Crocetti, provides an in-depth analysis of how identity processes, namely commitment, in-depth exploration, and reconsideration of commitment, relate to adolescents’ well-being across educational and interpersonal domains.

The study is based on data collected from 1,396 adolescents in Italy, providing a broad analysis of these relationships over four measurement points within one year. It highlights the significant impact of identity commitment on various facets of well-being, including physical health, subjective, psychological, and social well-being. Particularly noteworthy is the reciprocal relationship observed: strong identity commitments in educational and interpersonal domains are linked to enhanced well-being, and conversely, higher levels of well-being support more robust identity commitments.

One of the key contributions of this research is its culturally sensitive approach, where comparisons between adolescents from migrant backgrounds and their native peers reveal nuanced differences in how identity processes impact well-being. For instance, adolescents with migrant backgrounds exhibited stronger associations between educational commitment and various well-being dimensions, suggesting that a strong educational identity can be particularly beneficial in fostering overall adjustment and integration.

The study uses a robust methodological framework, employing cross-lagged panel models to dissect the dynamic interplay between identity and well-being over time. This approach allows the researchers to account for the stability of these constructs and explore the bidirectional influences they exert on each other.

This research provides valuable insights for developing targeted interventions aimed at enhancing adolescent well-being through support in identity formation. By recognizing the unique challenges and needs of adolescents from different cultural backgrounds, especially those with migrant backgrounds, it underscores the importance of supportive measures that cater to their specific circumstances in the educational and interpersonal realms.

In conclusion, the article significantly advances our understanding of the complex relationships between identity formation and well-being in adolescence. It highlights the critical role of identity processes in promoting well-being across different life domains and cultural contexts, offering important implications for educational and psychological interventions aimed at supporting adolescent development.


De Lise, F., Luyckx, K., & Crocetti, E. (2024). Identity matters for well-being: The longitudinal associations between identity processes and well-being in adolescents with different cultural backgrounds. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 53(4), 910-926. doi: